Easter Island: almost 400 upright statues, some of them ten metres in height... When the Dutch sailors landed on Easter Island in 1722, they were stupefied. What extraordinary civilization could have been at the root of such a wonder? What was the destination of these enormous statues? Since then, the volcanic rock neglected in the middle of the Pacific Ocean has not ceased to fascinate and to incite numerous myths and legends. This work, serious and carefully documented, aims to introduce us to the mysterious Easter Island: its civilization, its culture, its customs. In order to retrace the history of the island, the author has drawn on the accounts of sailors and missionaries as well as ethnographic and archaeological studies. This book also reviews the different theories which have tried to explain the origins of the island and its inhabitants, from Lemuria to flying men. Finally, it alludes to the recent discoveries concerning the Moai, stone giants whose foundations are driven several metres into the earth.