At the start of the 17th century, arose three unique manifestos, causing great interest in academic and literary circles and deep consternation amongst the Catholic clergy. They all espoused in their individually unique way one dynamic message, and that was the need for a universal reformation of ideas and outlook embracing the arts and sciences, but particularly religion. Unfortunately, the hoped for universal reformation that was to bring about a utopian society did not materialise in the early 17th century despite the attention that the Manifestos received. But the spirit of the Rosicrucian Order lived on, simmering as an undercurrent while the forces of the later Enlightenment and religious authority battled it out. As the 19th turned into the 20th century, a new wave of interest in esotericism had been gaining momentum and the Rosicrucian Order publicly opened up its membership once again.
In 2001, the Rosicrucian Order AMORC, concerned about world events, produced a fourth manifesto which addresses the critical issues of the modern world.